Copyright Guidance
& License

The UTM Library, as one of the world’s leading research libraries, collects, organizes, preserves, and provides access to and services for a rich and unique record of human thought and creativity. Through its web sites, the Library offers public access to a range of its collections through online exhibitions, archival finding aids, digital repositories, and the online public access catalog.

UTM Library is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes only. UTM Library makes no warranty that your distribution, reproduction or other use of these materials will be non-infringing. You are solely responsible for making legal assessments regarding the use of an item and securing any necessary permissions. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or holders of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. The Library endeavors when possible to provide accurate factual information about copyright owners and related matters in catalog records, finding aids, and other texts that accompany collections or individual items that may assist you in making necessary legal determinations. Please contact UTM Library Librarian, if you have helpful information about any material included in these collections or if you believe the web site has not properly attributed your work or has used your material without necessary authorization


Photocopying UTM Theses

  • Excerpt from Library Regulation, Clause 9: Library users who photocopy materials are fully responsible for any action liable and contravening the copyright.
  • Excerpt from Buku Peraturan Pelajar, UTM Part II General Discipline: No. 6 (1), page 34-35:


A student shall not plagiarize any idea, writing, data or invention belonging to another person.


For the purpose of this rule, plagiarism includes :

  • the act of taking an idea, writing, data or invention of another person and claiming that the idea, writing, data or invention of another person one’s own findings or creation; or
  • an attempt to make out or the act of making out, in such a way, that one is the original source or the creator of an idea, writing, data or invention which has actually been taken from some other source ;


Without prejudice to the generality of sub rule (2) a student plagiarizes when he :

  • publishes, with himself as the author, an abstract, article, scientific or academic paper or book which is wholly or partly written by some other person ;
  • incorporates himself or allows himself to be incorporated as a co-author of an abstract, article, scientific or academic paper, or book, when he has not at all made any written contribution to the abstract, article, scientific or academic paper or book ;
  • forces another person to include his name in the list of co-researchers for a particular research project or in the list of co-authors for a publication when he has not made any contribution which may qualify him as a co-researcher or co-author ;
  • extracts academic data which are the results of research undertaken by some other person, such as laboratory findings or field work findings or data obtained through library research, whether published or unpublished, and incorporate those data as part of his academic research without giving due acknowledgement to the actual source ;
  • uses research data obtained through collaborative work with some other person whether or not that other person is a staff member or a student of the University, as part of another distinct personal academic research of his, or for his a publication in his own name as sole author, without obtaining the consent of his co-researchers prior to embarking on his personal research or prior to publishing the data.
  • transcribes the ideas or creations of other kept in whatever form, whether written, printed or available in electronic form, or in slide form, or in whatever form of teaching or research, apparatus, or in any other form, and claims whether directly or indirectly that he is the creator of the idea creation; or
  • translates the writing or creation of another person from one language to another whether or not wholly or partly, and subsequently presents the translation in whatever form manner as his own writing or creations; or
  • extracts ideas from another person’s writing or creation and makes certain modifications without due reference to the original source and rearranges it in such way that it appears as if he is the creator of those ideas.

Photocopying Maps & Aerial Photographs

Patrons are disallowed to photocopy maps & aerial photographs under “Restricted/Terhad” status. Please take note under General Regulations of UTM Library Clause 5.9: Library users who photocopy materials are fully responsible for any action liable and contravening the Copyright.